Construction Staking

The professionals at Bedrock Engineering offer expert construction staking and site layout services. Construction Staking is the layout of a design professional’s plans on the ground. Also known as a Site Layout Survey, construction staking is the process of interpreting construction plans and using stakes to mark the location of proposed new structures such as roads or buildings. Construction staking is performed to ensure a project is built according to engineering design plans.As the name suggests, construction staking involves driving stakes in the ground to map out where planned improvements and buildings will take place. Bedrock’s professionals will position stakes in the ground so that they match up with the project blueprints to the highest degree of accuracy possible.

Construction staking is vital to transitioning from the planning and design phase to actual construction work.
Construction staking begins with a Professional Land Surveyor being provided with a set of approved project design plans. Once our surveyor has the plans, they will set reference points or offsets as requested by the contractor. Our professional surveyor uses the project plans to precisely lay out stakes that identify the exact location and dimensions of all planned improvements. Each stake might be used to represent the different elements of the project, including stakes to represent the inner and outer walls of a building, the storm and drainage flow, and concrete features such as driveways, sidewalks, and curbs. Each of these elements has to be accounted for properly within the project plan in order for the surveyor to do their job.

In addition to making sure that construction work is performed accurately according to project designs, construction staking can also help a project manager determine where problems may arise. Identifying these problems at the staking phase can prevent costly delays later down the line. Construction staking allows the project manager to identify potential problems early, so that he or she still has time to go back and adjust the building plan accordingly.

There are two main phases of construction staking which depend on the current status of the project and the actual nature of the work being performed. The first phase is rough grade staking, which simply maps out proposed improvements in relation to the final elevation grade of the site. Rough grade staking is generally used for understanding the rough location and elevation of things like roads, parking lots and building outlines, and usually takes place before a grading contractor comes in to perform their work.  If the grading contractor is providing their own machine control through use of GPS, Bedrock’s team can provide the GPS control needed and is available to provide “spot checks” ensuring accuracy.

The second type, finish staking, is much more comprehensive and exact in nature. Finish staking indicates the final placement of the horizontal and vertical location of the proposed improvements, which may include buildings, roads, utility lines, plantings, site grading, etc. Once the finish staking has taken place, the construction team can then “finish” their actual construction work.